In 1963, a man in the Nevşehir Province of Turkey knocked down his basement wall. Behind it, he found a mysterious room and soon discovered an intricate tunnel system with additional cave-like rooms. Unbeknownst to him, he had just discovered the ancient underground city of Derinkuyu.
The upper levels are mostly living rooms and bedrooms, but like most cities, it also had quarters, shops, communal rooms, schools, and churches.
Pets and livestock were also kept underground. To survive, they built ventilation shafts for air and wells with fresh flowing water.
Archeologists believe that the city housed over 20,000 people and was most likely used as a giant bunker to protect its inhabitants from either religious wars or natural disasters.
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